Author Archives: Sara Vergel

Permission and requests

The modal verbs can, could and may have several meanings and functions. Today I’m going to show you how you can use these modals to express permission and requests. Asking for, Giving and Refusing Permission with Can/Could If someone is … Continue reading

Posted in Grammar, NEF. Unit 5 | Leave a comment

SHOULD

Should is a modal verb. We use should mainly to give advice or make recommendations Structure of Should: The main verb is always the bare infinitive (infinitive without “to”). subject auxiliary verb main verb + He should go. – He … Continue reading

Posted in Grammar, NEF. Unit 4 | Leave a comment

Comparatives and superlatives

We use Comparatives and Superlatives to compare two or more nouns. The formation of the comparative and superlative depends on the number of syllables in the adjective: One-syllable Adjectives To form the comparative, we add -er to the end of … Continue reading

Posted in Grammar, NEF. Unit 3, New English File, SP. Unit 9, Speak Out | 2 Comments

Articles: the, a/an, 0

English has two articles:  the and a/an.  The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns; a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns.  We call the the definite article and a/an the indefinite article. the = definite article a/an … Continue reading

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Going to the doctor’s

Going to the doctor while being abroad can be scary, especially if you do not know what to expect. Sometimes it is hard to describe your symptoms. Sometimes it may be hard to understand what the doctor is telling you. … Continue reading

Posted in SP. Unit 6, Speak Out, Vocabulary | Leave a comment

Writing a recipe

The following vocabulary words are common English verbs found in recipes: add               bake                barbecue              beat                    blend             boil broil             brown              chop                      combine            cook               cube cut                dice                   drain                    fold in               fry                  grate knead          marinate          mince                    peel                    puree             refrigerate roast            sauté                sear                       separate             serve              slice simmer       strain               toast                      toss                      whip In addition to important … Continue reading

Posted in R. Unit 4, SP. Unit 6, Vocabulary | Leave a comment

Asking for/ giving directions

PLACES IN A CITY In a city, there are a lot of different shops, check them here and try some vocabulary exercises: Exercise 1 Exercise 2 , Exercise 3, Exercise 4 GIVING DIRECTIONS First of all, let’s revise the prepositions … Continue reading

Posted in NEF. Unit 3, New English File, SP. Unit 5, Speaking & Pronunciation, Vocabulary | Leave a comment

Journey, travel and trip

Do you know the difference among these words? Travel is used to mean the general activity of moving from one place to another. Common mistake: My travel to France this summer was great Journey refers to travelling a long distance, … Continue reading

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Present Perfect vs Past Simple

Past Simple and Present Perfect are easily confused by Spanish students. Find below some help: * Certain time in the past or just / already / yet? Do you want to express that an action happened at a certain time … Continue reading

Posted in Grammar, NEF. Unit 2, New English File, R. Unit 3, SP. Unit 11, SP. Unit 4, SP. Unit 6 | Leave a comment

Make vs Do

The two verbs ‘do’ and ‘make’ are often confused. The meanings are similar, but there are differences. Use ‘Do’ for  Daily Activities or Jobs and for General Ideas, do housework, do the ironing, do a job,… There are a number … Continue reading

Posted in SP. Unit 4, Vocabulary | 2 Comments

The Lottery of Life

The Spanish Christmas Lottery (Sorteo de Navidad or Lotería de Navidad) is a national lottery game organized every year since 1812 by the Spanish Public Administration. As measured by the total prize payout, the Christmas Lottery is considered the biggest … Continue reading

Posted in Celebrations, NEF. Unit 7, New English File | Leave a comment

Ho, ho, ho… Merry Christmas

Have you been nice this year? Every year Santa makes a list to see who is naughty and who is nice. Santa leaves presents for the nice kids under the tree and gives the naughty kids a lump of coal. … Continue reading

Posted in Celebrations, Christmas | Leave a comment

Subject questions

There are two main types of question in English. Object Questions: You want to know what someone did, or to whom/where/when/why, etc. Tom ate ??? –> What did Tom eat? We studied them long ago but you can revise them … Continue reading

Posted in Grammar, SP. Unit 3 | Leave a comment

working conditions

Working conditions refers to the working environment and aspects of an employee’s terms and conditions of employment. These were some of the conditions we discussed in class: BENEFITS DRAWBACKS Flexible hours Salary/ wages Vacation/ holiday Housing: employer-provided employer-paid JOB SATISFACTION … Continue reading

Posted in NEF. Unit 8, New English File, SP. Unit 2, Vocabulary | Leave a comment

What makes you happy?

Teaching English makes me happy. And you? What makes you happy? You may think of very different answers, for example: My dog makes me happy ( singular= 1 thing) My CDs make me happy (plural = 2 things) You can … Continue reading

Posted in Grammar, SP. Unit 1 | Leave a comment

Making Questions

Did you enjoy the games we played earlier? You can keep playing from home, just click on the icons to go to the websites and HAVE FUN! GRAMMAR CHECKUP: The basic rule for asking questions in English is very easy. … Continue reading

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From Family Matters…

Do you remember that TV series? It was a funny American sitcom about a middle-class African-American family living in Chicago. The Winslows! wife Harriette, son Eddie, intelligent daughter Laura, sister-in-law Rachel and her son Richie. Carl’s mother, usually known as “Mother … Continue reading

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…to Modern Family

Today’s families come in all shapes and sizes. Have you heard about Modern Family? It’s the newest sitcom on Antena 3. It includes divorces, second marriages, gay couples, common law marriages (couples who just signed a legal document but are … Continue reading

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Past simple: form and pronunciation

I know some of you (and myself) are concerned about the pronunciation of past verbs. No need to panic! I’m sure that, after our little practice in class, you feel more confident about it. Just in case, find below some … Continue reading

Posted in NEF. Unit 2, New English File, R. Unit 2, SP. Unit 1, Speaking & Pronunciation | Leave a comment

Personality

What are you like? What describes you best? Studying Zodiac signs and the personality traits that are associated with these signs is a great way to quickly improve your vocabulary related to personality. Adjectives are paired up in synonyms and … Continue reading

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